Opening Statement of Senator Chuck Grassley
Hearing, “Auctioning under Cap and Trade: Design, Participation and Distribution of Revenues”
May 7, 2009
Some people may be wondering why the Senate Finance Committee is having a hearing on a cap and trade system for greenhouse gas emissions. When it comes to the potential environmental benefit of such a system, this committee probably does not have much to add to the work of the Environment and Public Works Committee. However, we are talking about a program that will raise hundreds of billions of dollars every year for the federal Treasury. With revenue of that magnitude, it would be surprising if the Finance Committee were not involved. What’s more, the cost will be paid by every American in the form of higher prices for energy, services, and any product that takes energy to produce or transport to market.
President Obama has acknowledged that under a cap and trade system “electricity rates would necessarily skyrocket.” When OMB Director Orszag was before this committee last year in his previous capacity, he made it clear that “Under a cap-and-trade program, firms would not ultimately bear most of the costs of the allowances but instead would pass them along to their customers in the form of higher prices.” Those energy price increases will also have a significant negative impact on economic growth and job creation. If that sounds suspiciously like a federal energy tax to those of you listening, you’re right.
The Senate Finance Committee has jurisdiction over all federal taxes and has extensive experience in considering the tax incidence of various policies. That experience will be invaluable on this subject because a very important aspect in designing a cap and trade system is who will ultimately bear the cost of the program and in what proportion. In short, who are the winners and losers?
One troubling aspect of cap and trade is that the speculators from
Today’s hearing will help us to better understand the economic consequences of a cap and trade system and the various trade-offs that Congress will need to carefully consider. Our distinguished panel of witnesses will no doubt give us some food for thought on these important issues.